Canadian Coins

 

 

canadian coin imagesWhat are Canadian Coins Made of ?

In the past, Canadian coins were made from various metals and compositions such as copper, steel, and zinc. However, due to the government’s issuance for the reduction of costs for the production of coins, the metal content used by the Royal Canadian Mint to make coins have been changed time and time again. In fact, they are very similar to coins manufactured from the USA Mint.


The exotic metals that were once used in the production of Canadian coinage would be gold, silver, and platinum. Used for the making of bullion coins and collector coins. Some of the examples would be the Scimitar Cat, which is made from platinum.


Until the 1960s, most coins from Canada contained varying amounts of silver content that made up almost all of the Canadian coins composition. However, today, these metals are exclusively reserved for the production of bullion coins. Most of the bullion coinage will come in many varieties and different amounts of metal content. But, with the continuous rise of exotic metal values, only the bullion coins and collector’s coins are being made from these materials today.


In various types of Canadian Mint coins, manufacturers have used a variety of metals to produce various types. In the 1980s, the coins manufactured were mostly made with copper and a little inclusion of zinc. In the early 1990s, however, the composition of the Canadian coin was changed to a coin made with copper and a small inclusion of copper or nickel plating. This type of coin is generally known as a clad coin because of the clad covering on the base of the metal. Since the legislation of the metals and their price increases over the years, the cost of the metals used for making Canadian coins also experience a rise in price.


Today, the base of the metal is currently made from steel, with a copper or nickel plating. This was recently changed with the turning of the last century. This was done to save money, as well as to conserve the amount of metal that will be used. By using steel as the base metal for making coinage, it will consequently allow the flexibility of the mint to produce other types of coins that can also be sold as additions to an already existing coin collection.


For the minting process of the Canadian coin, the first step is to sculpt a large plaster model to be the base of the design. After this, it will then be casted into a piece of rubber, and then the rubber cast will be used to create a plastic or epoxy galvano. The next step would be for the result to be taken into a lathe, thereby converting the model and making it into a steel master hub. This master hub, in turn, will be used to make the master dies. These master dies will then be used to make the working hubs, and the working hubs will be used to make the working dies. All the steps in this coin making process multiply the number of the dies and the hubs, which will then result to many working dies.


There are many other factors to consider when asking how and what are Canadian coins made from. However, the above describes the main process and cycle giving the reader a basic knowledge; Rather than covering all of the aspects that make up metal content and composition for coinage made in Canada. That would take a very large book on how Canadian coins are made.